LET'S TALK ABOUT TERPENES
Remember when craft brewing became a thing and the conversation was all hops this and hops that? Connoisseurs everywhere took joy in identifying different hops amongst their favorite brews, and the I prefer vodka but fine, I’ll take an IPA-ers pretended to affirm. We (ahem, they) nodded along to words associated with wine such as bouquet and finish. We were a country learning to understand and appreciate life evolved from the schwag that is Coors Light.
Nowadays we’re talking about terpenes. It’s all terps, terpenes, flavors. And you know what’s crazy? Terpenes are what give hops their aromas and bodies. So all along, we’ve been slowly parting the grasses, peeking through and finally stepping onto the correct path to describe the properties of plants and flowers. So, what are terpenes again? Good question.
Terpenes are aromatic organic hydrocarbons, botanist-speak for the essential oils of plants. You can find them in a myriad of plants, and even some insects. For our purposes, we’ll focus on plants – specifically cannabis. Just like all plants, cannabis terpenes are adaptive: they worked with the plant to repel predators and lure pollinators. Different terpenes were found in different strains of plants, based on their place of origin, surrounding environment, age and maturation, soil type and even time of day. Terpenes are responsible for the distinct smell within each strain of cannabis. Not only that, they are also believed to interact with cannabinoid receptors to assist or hinder the effects of other cannabinoids. According to research, the mutually beneficial relationship between terpenes and other cannabinoids such as CBD and THC is part of the entourage effect offered through full spectrum products.
There are over 100 different terpenes in the cannabis plant, each unique in aroma and effect. The most common terpenes in Cannabis are pinene, mycrene, limonene, beta-caryophellene, linalool, humulene, ocimene and terpinolene. Here's what's up with them:
EFFECTS Alertness, memory retention, counteracts some THC effects
POTENTIAL MEDICINAL VALUE Antiseptic, anti-inflammatory
ALSO FOUND IN Pine needles, rosemary, basil, parsley, dill
AROMA Cardamom, cloves, musk, earth
EFFECTS Sedative, relaxing
POTENTIAL MEDICINAL VALUE Antioxidant; anti-carcinogenic, muscle relaxation, sleep aid, anti-inflammation
ALSO FOUND IN Mango, lemongrass, thyme, hops
EFFECTS Elevated mood, stress relief
POTENTIAL MEDICINAL VALUE Anti-fungal, antibacterial, anti-carcinogenic
ALSO FOUND IN Fruit rinds, juniper, rosemary, peppermint
AROMA Pepper, wood, clove
EFFECTS Stress relief
POTENTIAL MEDICINAL VALUE Gastroprotective, anti-inflammatory
ALSO FOUND IN Black pepper, cloves, cotton
EFFECTS Anxiety relief, sedation
POTENTIAL MEDICINAL VALUE Anti-anxiety, anti-convulsant, anti-depressant, anti-acne
ALSO FOUND IN Lavender
AROMA Hops, wood, earth, spice
POTENTIAL MEDICINAL VALUE Antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, pain relief
ALSO FOUND IN Hops, coriander, ginseng, sage
AROMA Sweet, herbal, woody
POTENTIAL MEDICINAL VALUE Anti-inflammatory, anti-fungal, anti-viral
ALSO FOUND IN Parsley, pepper, mint, basil, mango
AROMA Piney, floral, herbal
POTENTIAL MEDICINAL VALUE Antioxidant, antibacterial, anti-fungal, sedative
ALSO FOUND IN Apple, cumin, lilac, tea tree
Have a question about a terpene not listed? Email us. We'll be happy to help!