LET'S TALK ABOUT TERPENES

Remember when craft brewing became a thing and the conversation was all hops this and hops that? Connoisseurs everywhere took joy in identifying different hops amongst their favorite brews, and the I prefer vodka but fine, I’ll take an IPA-ers pretended to affirm. We (ahem, they) nodded along to words associated with wine such as bouquet and finish. We were a country learning to understand and appreciate life evolved from the schwag that is Coors Light. 

Nowadays we’re talking about terpenes. It’s all terps, terpenes, flavors. And you know what’s crazy? Terpenes are what give hops their aromas and bodies. So all along, we’ve been slowly parting the grasses, peeking through and finally stepping onto the correct path to describe the properties of plants and flowers. So, what are terpenes again? Good question. 

Terpenes are aromatic organic hydrocarbons, botanist-speak for the essential oils of plants. You can find them in a myriad of plants, and even some insects. For our purposes, we’ll focus on plants – specifically cannabis. Just like all plants, cannabis terpenes are adaptive: they worked with the plant to repel predators and lure pollinators. Different terpenes were found in different strains of plants, based on their place of origin, surrounding environment, age and maturation, soil type and even time of day.  Terpenes are responsible for the distinct smell within each strain of cannabis. Not only that, they are also believed to interact with cannabinoid receptors to assist or hinder the effects of other cannabinoids. According to research, the mutually beneficial relationship between terpenes and other cannabinoids such as CBD and THC is part of the entourage effect offered through full spectrum products. 

There are over 100 different terpenes in the cannabis plant, each unique in aroma and effect. The most common terpenes in Cannabis are pinene, mycrene, limonene, beta-caryophellene, linalool, humulene, ocimene and terpinolene. Here's what's up with them:

 
 
TERP BLOG IMG 1.jpg

AROMA Pine

EFFECTS Alertness, memory retention, counteracts some THC effects

POTENTIAL MEDICINAL VALUE Antiseptic, anti-inflammatory

ALSO FOUND IN Pine needles, rosemary, basil, parsley, dill

 

 
 
 
TERP BLOG IMG 2.jpg

AROMA Cardamom, cloves, musk, earth

EFFECTS Sedative, relaxing

POTENTIAL MEDICINAL VALUE Antioxidant; anti-carcinogenic, muscle relaxation, sleep aid, anti-inflammation

ALSO FOUND IN Mango, lemongrass, thyme, hops

 
 
 
TERP BLOG IMG 3.jpg

AROMA Citrus

EFFECTS Elevated mood, stress relief

POTENTIAL MEDICINAL VALUE Anti-fungal, antibacterial, anti-carcinogenic

ALSO FOUND IN Fruit rinds, juniper, rosemary, peppermint

 
 
 
TERP BLOG IMG 4.jpg

AROMA Pepper, wood, clove

EFFECTS Stress relief

POTENTIAL MEDICINAL VALUE Gastroprotective, anti-inflammatory

ALSO FOUND IN Black pepper, cloves, cotton

 
 
 
TERP BLOG IMG 4.jpg

AROMA Floral

EFFECTS Anxiety relief, sedation

POTENTIAL MEDICINAL VALUE Anti-anxiety, anti-convulsant, anti-depressant, anti-acne

ALSO FOUND IN Lavender

 
 
 
TERP BLOG IMG 6.jpg

AROMA Hops, wood, earth, spice

EFFECTS TBD

POTENTIAL MEDICINAL VALUE Antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, pain relief

ALSO FOUND IN Hops, coriander, ginseng, sage

 
 
 
TERP BLOG IMG 7.jpg

AROMA Sweet, herbal, woody

EFFECTS Uplifting

POTENTIAL MEDICINAL VALUE Anti-inflammatory, anti-fungal, anti-viral

ALSO FOUND IN Parsley, pepper, mint, basil, mango

 
 
 
TERP BLOG IMG 8.jpg

AROMA Piney, floral, herbal

EFFECTS Relaxing

POTENTIAL MEDICINAL VALUE Antioxidant, antibacterial, anti-fungal, sedative

ALSO FOUND IN Apple, cumin, lilac, tea tree

 
 

Have a question about a terpene not listed? Email us. We'll be happy to help!

 
Stacy Verbiest